Tool to decrypt/encrypt with XOR (eXclusive OR), a moder cryptographic method that consists in encrypting a binary message with a repeated key using a XOR multiplication.

XOR Cipher - dCode

Tag(s) : Modern Cryptography

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**XOR** Encryption uses the **XOR** operator (**Exclusive Or**, symbol: ⊕) with the plain text and the key as operand (that should be binary encoded).

__Example:__ The plain message is 1001 and the key is 10

Take the first bit (0 or 1) of the plain text and the first bit of the key and multiply then using **XOR** operation to get the ciphered bit.

__Example:__ 1 ⊕ 1 = 0

The operation is repeated with the second bit of the plaintext and the second bit of the key. At the end of the key, loop back to the first bit.

__Example:__

Plain message |

1001 |

Key (repeated) |

1010 |

Encrypted message |

0011 |

**XOR** Decryption is identical to encryption because the **XOR** operation is symmetrical (reverse **XOR** = **XOR**).

__Example:__ 1001 ⊕ 1010 = 0011 and 0011 ⊕ 1010 = 1001

dCode uses the ASCII table encoding which associates with characters (including the letters of the alphabet) a number between 0 and 128, which is then converted to base 2 (binary). It is possible to use other methods to get binary encoded text.

The truth table of the 2-parameter **XOR** logic function is:

A | B | A xor B |
---|---|---|

0 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 1 |

1 | 0 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 |

A xored messaged (**XOR** encrypted message) has no particularities, this makes it hard to detect.

It can be presented under binary form but also as ascii text.

Data in the form of a stream is well suited to **XOR** encoding.

**Xor** decryption without key is hard. It is possible to find all or a part of the key by knowing a part of the plain text. Else, there are no practical methods other than trying all the keys.

**XOR** is compatible with the principle of an Autoclave ciphering.

dCode retains ownership of the online 'XOR Cipher' tool source code. Except explicit open source licence (indicated CC / Creative Commons / free), any 'XOR Cipher' algorithm, applet or snippet (converter, solver, encryption / decryption, encoding / decoding, ciphering / deciphering, translator), or any 'XOR Cipher' function (calculate, convert, solve, decrypt / encrypt, decipher / cipher, decode / encode, translate) written in any informatic language (Python, Java, PHP, C#, Javascript, Matlab, etc.) and no data download, script, copy-paste, or API access for 'XOR Cipher' will be for free, same for offline use on PC, tablet, iPhone or Android ! dCode is free and online.

Please, check our dCode Discord community for help requests!

NB: for encrypted messages, test our automatic cipher identifier!

xor,or,exclusive,binary,bin,xored

Source : https://www.dcode.fr/xor-cipher

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