Tool to make multiplication with large numbers (with lots of digits/figures). Standard calculators are limited with big numbers.

Multiplication - dCode

Tag(s) : Arithmetics

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Multiplication is a basic arithmetic operation defined as the repetition of an addition.

__Example:__ `3 times 2` $ = 3 \times 2 = 2+2+2 $

The dCode multiplication tool with big integers uses arbitrary precision calculation algorithms. That is to say that it is not limited to 4 billion and it can multiply exact values without rounding nor need of a scientific notation. It is called large/huge number multiplication.

Traditionally *multiplication tables* refers to this table:

\ | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 |

2 | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8 | 10 | 12 | 14 | 16 | 18 | 20 |

3 | 3 | 6 | 9 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 21 | 24 | 27 | 30 |

4 | 4 | 8 | 12 | 16 | 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 | 36 | 40 |

5 | 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 | 50 |

6 | 6 | 12 | 18 | 24 | 30 | 36 | 42 | 48 | 54 | 60 |

7 | 7 | 14 | 21 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 63 | 70 |

8 | 8 | 16 | 24 | 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72 | 80 |

9 | 9 | 18 | 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 90 |

10 | 10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 | 100 |

In order to improve calculation time the multiplication is accelerated by decomposing it:

ab * cd = (a * 10^k + b) * (c * 10^k + d) = ac * 10^2k + (ad + bc) * 10^k + bd

This multiplication needs 4 values ac, ad, bc and bd. More:

(a * 10^k + b) * (c * 10^k + d) = ac * 10^2k + (ac + bd - (a - b)(c - d)) * 10^k + bd

The same multiplication needs 3 values: ac, bd and (a - b)(c - d).

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Source : https://www.dcode.fr/big-numbers-multiplication

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