Tool to calculate the grayscale histogram of an image. An histogram is a graphical representation of the distribution of colours among the pixels of a numeric image.
Image Histogram - dCode
Tag(s) : Image Processing
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An image histogram is a type of statistical graph with ordered colors on x-axis and the number of pixels for each color on y-axis which allows to quickly assess the distribution of colors in an image.
In practice, the colors are usually limited to 100 or 255 levels of gray, the image is previously converted into grayscale.
Histogram is based on the frequency of luminance in the image. The luminance is computed for each pixel with the formula 0.2126*R+0.7152*G+0.0722*B (ITU BT.709).
The colors are organized according to their tone, blacks are on the left and on the right are whites, in the middle are gray tones.
Use the imread function to load an image, then imhist to display its histogram.