Tool to convert Cistercian numbers (read / write monks cipher/numbers of cistercian monks into Arabic numerals) used in the Middle Ages (also called cipher of the monks).

Cistercian Monk Numerals - dCode

Tag(s) : Numeral System, Symbol Substitution

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The Cistercian numeration was recently discovered. Used by Cistercian monks at the end of the Middle Ages, it makes it possible to write numbers between 0 and 9999 using a drawing made up of a vertical bar and a few lines.

The numeral system of Cistercian monks uses a quadrant (in 4 parts) to represent numbers from 0 to 9999.

Any number necessarily consists of a central vertical bar, if nothing else is written, then it takes the value `0`, otherwise, the quadrant at the top right corresponds to the units, the quadrant at the top left for the tens, the quadrant at the bottom right for the hundreds and the last quadrant at the bottom left for the thousands.

There are then 9 symbols to represent the numbers (here the units):

1 | 2 | 3 | |||

4 | 5 | 6 | |||

7 | 8 | 9 |

Rotate/mirror these symbols to write them in the right quadrant.

Research has not shown the existence of decimal numbers among the traces left by monks.

Numbers are composed of line-based symbols in 4 corners.

All references to the Cistercian order and the (french) monks are clues.

This numeral system was popularized by David A. King's book entitled *The Ciphers of the Monks: a Forgotten Number-notation of the Middle Ages*

The cistercian numeral system seems to have been created around the 14th century.

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Cite as source (bibliography):

*Cistercian Monk Numerals* on dCode.fr [online website], retrieved on 2022-08-08,

- Conversion of Cistercian Numbers
- Convert to Cistercian Number
- What are cistercian numbers? (Definition)
- How to write a number with cistercian monks cipher?
- How to read/convert a cistercian number to arabic number?
- How to write a decimal number (with decimal places)?
- How to recognize a cistercian monk cipher/numbers?
- When was this cistercian numeral system invented?

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