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Cantor Expansion

Tool to calculate the Cantor expansion of a number (sum of factorial), thanks to its representation in factorial base.

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Cantor Expansion -

Tag(s) : Arithmetics

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# Cantor Expansion

## Cantor Expansion Calculator

### What is a Cantor Expansion? (Definition)

The Cantor Expansion of a natural number $n$ is a sum of the form $$n = (k_m)m! + (k_{m-1})(m-1)! + \cdots + k_{2}2! + k_{1}1!$$ with integers $k_i$ such as $0 \leq k_i \leq i$

Example: 12 = 2*3! + 0*2! + 0*1!

This is the explicit sum of the factor base of the number $n$.

### How to calculate the Cantor expansion of a number?

Start by converting the number to a factorial basis (by performing successive divisions of $n$ by $i$ for the numbers from $1$ to $n$, as long as the quotient of the Euclidean division is non-zero) and add figures (in factorial basis) obtained by multiplying them by the corresponding factorial.

Example: In base 10, $123$ can be decomposed as $1 \times 100 + 2 \times 10 + 3 \times 1$

Example: In factorial base, $234_{10} = 14300_{!} = 1 \times 5! + 4 \times 4! + 3 \times 3! + 0 \times 2! + 0*1!$

### What is Cantor expansion algorithm?

To code the conversion of a decimal number into a factorial base, here is an algorithm function decimal2cantor(x) { n = 1 a = [] while (x != 0) { a[n] = x mod (n+1) x = (x-a[n])/(n+1) n++ } return a[n]}

Cantor's expansion can be deduced by a[n]*n! + a[n−1]*(n-1)! + ... + a[2]*2! + a[1]*1!

To code the conversion of a number written in factorial base into a decimal number, here is an algorithm:function cantor2decimal(a[n]) { x = 0 for i=n to 1 { x = x + a[i] x = i*x } return x}

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