Tool to decrypt / encrypt with Delastelle's Trifide cipher using 3 grids to convert each character into a triplet (grid, line, column) before transposing the grid to find an encrypted character.
Delastelle Trifid Cipher  dCode
Tag(s) : PolyAlphabetic Cipher
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Tool to decrypt / encrypt with Delastelle's Trifide cipher using 3 grids to convert each character into a triplet (grid, line, column) before transposing the grid to find an encrypted character.
The Delastelle trifid cipher uses three 9character grids (for 27 distinct characters in total) and an integer $ N $ (usually 5 or 7).
Example: Encrypt the message SECRET, with $ N = $ 5 and grids
Grid 1  Grid 2  Grid 3  




Often, a keyword is used to generate a disordered alphabet with 27 characters (the Latin alphabet accompanied by another symbol like _ replacing any nonalphabetic character)
Step 1: For each character, search for it in grids and note are triplet of 3 corresponding digits (grid, line, column)
Example: S is in grid 3, line 1, column 1, its triplet is 311
Step 2: Write the triplets in columns, in groups of $ N $ columns next to each other and read each group in rows.
Example:
S  E  C  R  E    T 
3  1  1  2  1  3  
1  2  1  3  2  1  
1  2  3  3  2  2 
Reading group 1: 31121,12132,12332, group 2: 312
Step 3: Cut out each sequence of digits read in triplet group of 3 digits corresponding to (grid, line, column) and note the corresponding letter. These letters constitute the encrypted message.
Example: 311,211,213,212,332,312 corresponds to SJLKZT
Decryption is very similar to encryption, the difference is in step 2.
Example: Decrypt the message SJLKZT, with $ N = $ 5 and grids
Grid 1  Grid 2  Grid 3  




Step 1: identical to encryption
Step 2: Take the triplets in groups of $ N $ and write them in $ N $length lines below each other then read each group in columns.
Example: 311,211,213,212,332,312 is written
3  1  1  2  1    3  1  2 
1  2  1  3  2    
1  2  3  3  3   
Reading group 1: 311,122,113,233,123, group 2: 3,1,2
Step 3: Identical to encryption
Example: 311,122,113,233,123,312 corresponds to the plain message SECRET
The message is theoretically composed of not more than 27 distinct characters.
The $ N $ number quickly changes the encrypted message, for better encryption, it is advisable to take a value of $ N $ first with 3.
Félix Marie Delastelle described this encryption in 1902 in his book Traité Élémentaire de Cryptographie
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