Tool to calculate the standard deviation of a list of values. Standard deviation is a statistical value characterizing the dispersion of a sample or distribution.

Standard Deviation - dCode

Tag(s) : Statistics

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Tool to calculate the standard deviation of a list of values. Standard deviation is a statistical value characterizing the dispersion of a sample or distribution.

The standard deviation measures the dispersion of a value series around its mean. This value, denoted \( \sigma \) (Greek letter sigma lowercase) characterizes how the data \( X \) (random variable) are scattered by measuring the square root of the differences between each value (of the variable) and the mean \( m \) (or expectation). $$ \sigma(X) = \sqrt{ \mathbb{E} \left[(X - m)^{2}\right] } $$

From a list of numbers \( x_i \) of a random variable \( X \) whose mean is \( m \), the formula is $$ \sigma(X)= \sqrt{ \frac{1}{n-1} \sum_{i=1}^{n}(x_{i}-m)^2 } $$

Example: The (unbiased) standard deviation of the series of 3 numbers 4,5,9 whose average is 6 is \( \sqrt{ \frac{1}{3-1} \left( (4-6)^2 + (5-6)^2 + (9-6)^2 \right) } = \sqrt{ 14/2 = 7 } \approx 2.646 \)

The value of the standard deviation is the square root of the variance. Knowing the value of the variance \( V \), \( \sigma \) can be calculated with the relation: $$ \sigma(X) = \sqrt{ V(X) } $$

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