Tools for deciphering younger Futhark (Fuþark), a runic script inspired by elder futhark used in northern Europe.
Younger Futhark ᚠᚢᚦᚬᚱᚴ - dCode
Tag(s) : Symbol Substitution, History
dCode is free and its tools are a valuable help in games, maths, geocaching, puzzles and problems to solve every day!
A suggestion ? a feedback ? a bug ? an idea ? Write to dCode!
The younger futhark (or young Fuþark or new Fuþark) is a runic script from northern Europe (region of present-day Denmark), inspired by elder Futhark.
The runic alphabet of the recent futhark is made up of 16 characters, so it is not possible to transliterate it perfectly with the Latin alphabet.
To write in recent futhark, associate with each letter (or syllable) of a message in English, its correspondence (or at least something similar) in recent futhark according to this table:
Several characters are identical with Elder Futhark, of which it is an evolution.
The decryption of the new futhark begins with a substitution of the runic characters towards their Latin correspondents.
The plain message found could be a text written in an old danish language, the translation of which will remain to be done.
Example: ᚠ = f, ᚢ = u, ᚦ = th, ᚬ = ą (mix of a and o), ᚱ = r, etc.
The alphabet is written in runes (cut stones), therefore often composed of vertical or inclined / diagonal lines. Several runic inscriptions have been found on stones or ancient objects.
Only 16 distinct symbols are expected.
Late Futhark is associated with Nordic languages such as Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish and Danish. It is sometimes used to write names, titles and mottos in the Nordic countries.
Old Norse is the name of an old Scandinavian language.
Historians believe that the Fuþark use began in the 7th century and spread until the 9th and 10th century before being abandoned after the 12th century AD.
Reminder : dCode is free to use.
The copy-paste of the page "Younger Futhark ᚠᚢᚦᚬᚱᚴ" or any of its results, is allowed (even for commercial purposes) as long as you cite dCode!
Exporting results as a .csv or .txt file is free by clicking on the export icon
Cite as source (bibliography):
Younger Futhark ᚠᚢᚦᚬᚱᚴ on dCode.fr [online website], retrieved on 2023-12-05,