Tool to decode / encode with the Crockford Base-32. Crockford's Base32 is a variant of base 32 created by Douglas Crockford improving use by humans.

Base-32 Crockford - dCode

Tag(s) : Character Encoding

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The base-32 designed by Douglas Crockford is a variant of the base 32 (standard RFC 3548) willing to optimize the writing and reading by human and adding a checksum.

The Crockford base-32 uses 32 characters' 0123456789ABCDEFGHJKMNPQRSTVWXYZ 'ie the 36 alphanumeric characters excluding `I,L,O` to prevent confusion with digits and the letter' U 'which avoids unwanted puns (`U=You`).

Crockford optionally offers a modulo 37 checksum with 5 other characters: `*~$=U`

The plain message is treated as a binary string and divided into 5-bit blocks (completed if necessary by `0`).

__Example:__ `base` is encoded in ASCII (8-bit) `01100010 01100001 01110011 01100101`, the cutout gives the blocks `01100,01001,10000,10111,00110,11001,01000` (with three `0` added at the end)

Each block of 5 bits is encoded via the Crockford alphabet by its corresponding character:

00000 | 0 | 00001 | 1 | 00010 | 2 | 00011 | 3 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

00100 | 4 | 00101 | 5 | 00110 | 6 | 00111 | 7 |

01000 | 8 | 01001 | 9 | 01010 | A | 01011 | B |

01100 | C | 01101 | D | 01110 | E | 01111 | F |

10000 | G | 10001 | H | 10010 | J | 10011 | K |

10100 | M | 10101 | N | 10110 | P | 10111 | Q |

11000 | R | 11001 | S | 11010 | T | 11011 | V |

11100 | W | 11101 | X | 11110 | Y | 11111 | Z |

__Example:__ The coded message is `C9GQ6S8`

The original binary message is encoded as a (very large) integer whose modulo value 37 is calculated (37 is the smallest next prime number following 32).

__Example:__ `base` encoded in binary `01100010011000010111001101100101` (base 2) corresponds to `1650553701` (in decimal) and `1650553701 mod 37 = 18` which is coded `18=J` so the control character is' J'

__Example:__ The message coded with the control character is `C9GQ6S8J`

Crockford base-32 decryption starts with a conversion of characters into binary form via the lookup table

0 | 00000 | 1 | 00001 | 2 | 00010 | 3 | 00011 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

4 | 00100 | 5 | 00101 | 6 | 00110 | 7 | 00111 |

8 | 01000 | 9 | 01001 | A | 01010 | B | 01011 |

C | 01100 | D | 01101 | E | 01110 | F | 01111 |

G | 10000 | H | 10001 | J | 10010 | K | 10011 |

M | 10100 | N | 10101 | P | 10110 | Q | 10111 |

R | 11000 | S | 11001 | T | 11010 | V | 11011 |

W | 11100 | X | 11101 | Y | 11110 | Z | 11111 |

__Example:__ The message `6CS0` corresponds to `00110,01100,11001,00000`

The resulting binary string is then interpreted (depending on the encoding or format used)

__Example:__ `00110011,00110010,0000` is the ASCII code of the string `32`

The message is composed of uppercase alphanumeric characters except `I`, `L`, `O`. It is also possible to find the characters `*~$=U` at the end of the coding data and sometimes the dash/hyphen `-` is used to promote reading.

Originally Base 32 was created to express large numbers, such as public encryption keys.

More infos here

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Cite as source (bibliography):

*Base-32 Crockford* on dCode.fr [online website], retrieved on 2024-09-09,

crockford,base32,base,32

https://www.dcode.fr/crockford-base-32-encoding

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