Nearest Prime Number Finder
Answers to Questions
How to calculate the closest prime number?
No formula can find the nearest prime number of another given number. dCode uses algorithms based on probabilistic primality tests for numbers higher or lower than the number requested, and then checks it via deterministic algorithms.
Example: The closest prime number to 100 is 101
Example: The nearest prime number to 1000 is 997 (the next is 1009)
Example: The closest prime number to 10000 is 10007
What are twin primes numbers?
Two prime numbers are called twins if their difference is 2 (the nearest prime number is at a distance of 2 units).
Example: 5 and 7 are twins because 7-5 = 2.
What is the sequence of closest prime numbers to N?
The OEIS lists 2 series of numbers:
A051697: 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 5, 5, 7, 7, 7, 11, 11, 11, 13, ... which for any integer N associates its nearest prime number (the smallest in the case of a tie)
A077018: 2, 2, 2, 3, 5, 5, 7, 7, 7, 11, 11, 11, 13, 13, ... which for any integer N associates its nearest prime number (the largest in case of a tie)
The 2 sequences are identical except for the number 3 which appears twice in the first sequence but only once in the second one.