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Derangements

Tool for generating derangements. In mathematics, a derangement is a permutation of distinct objects without fixed point, ie that no object is in its original position.

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Derangements -

Tag(s) : Combinatorics, Mathematics

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Derangements

Counting Derangements

Tool for generating derangements. In mathematics, a derangement is a permutation of distinct objects without fixed point, ie that no object is in its original position.

How to generate derangement?

To generate the list of derangements of a set, the easiest way is to list the permutations and remove those with fixed points (elements having an identical position in the permutation and in the starting position).

Example: The set A,B,C has 6 permutations: A,B,C B,A,C C,A,B A,C,B B,C,A C,B,A. Remove the one with fixed points, ie. the permutations with A in position 1, and/or those with B in position 2 and/or those with C in position 3.
The list of derangements are the 3 remaining permutations C,A,B B,C,A and C,B,A.

How to count derangement?

Counting derangements uses subfactorials. For n items, the number of derangements is equal to !n (subfactorial of n): $$!n = n! \sum_{k=0}^n \frac {(-1)^k}{k!}$$

How to remove the limit when computing derangements?

Derangements makes exponential values. The more calculations there are, the more expensive are computer servers, so the large generations must be paid.