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Bezout's Identity

Tool to compute Bezout coefficients. The Bezout Identity proves that it exists solutions to the equation a.u + b.v = PGCD(a,b).

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Bezout's Identity -

Tag(s) : Mathematics

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Bezout's Identity

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Tool to compute Bezout coefficients. The Bezout Identity proves that it exists solutions to the equation a.u + b.v = PGCD(a,b).

Answers to Questions

What is Bezout Identity?

The Bezout identity is defined as : if \( a \) and \( b \) are two integers and \( d \) is their GCDhref, then it exists \( u \) and \( v \), two integers such as \( au + bv = d \).

Example: \( a=12 \) and \( b=30 \), gcdhref \( (12, 30) = 6 \). There are multiple solutions to \( u \) and \( v \) such as \( 12u + 30v = 6 \), such as : $$ 12 \times -2 + 30 \times 1 = 6 $$

How to calculate values for Bézout Identity?

The dCode program uses the extended GCDhref algorithm. \( a \) and \( b \) are two non-zero positive integers.

The algorithm of dCode consists of a sequence of Euclidean divisions for finding the Bezout coefficients.

How to code Bézout Identity in pseudo-code?

A source code for the identity of Bezout would be similar to this pseudo-code:

Initialization r = a, r' = b, u = 1, v = 0, u' = 0 and v' = 1
While (r' != 0)
q = (int) r/r'
rs = r, us = u, vs = v,
r = r', u = u', v = v',
r' = rs - q*r', u' = us - q*u', v' = vs - q*v'
End While
Return (r, u, v)

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Source code

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