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Nihilist Cipher

Tool to decrypt/encrypt unsing the Nihilist cipher. The Nihilist Cipher is a variant of Polybius square, since it is a super-encryption of it.

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Nihilist Cipher -

Tag(s) : Cryptography,Substitution Cipher

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Nihilist Cipher

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Nihilist Cipher Decoder








Nihilists Encoder







Tool to decrypt/encrypt unsing the Nihilist cipher. The Nihilist Cipher is a variant of Polybius square, since it is a super-encryption of it.

Answers to Questions

How to encrypt using Nihilist cipher?

The Nihilist cipher is an over-encryption of the Polybius squarehref. It uses a grid (usually 5x5 = 25 cells) that is filled with letters of the alphabet (often a deranged alphabethref). For a 5x5 grid, the 26-letter latin alphabet do not fit, you have to choose a letter to omit, often the J, V or W are omitted. The grid has digit headers for its rows and columns (typically 1 to 5).

\12345
1ABCDE
2FGHIJ
3KLMNO
4PQRST
5UVXYZ

To encrypt a text, it is necessary to replace each letter of the initial text, by its coordinates in the grid. Generally, the coordinates [row, column] (and more rarely [column, line]) are used. A numerical code consisting of pairs of digits is obtained.

A is therefore coded 11 (because in row 1, column 1), E becomes 15 (row 1, column 5).

Consider the message to be encrypted: KREMLIN, which is therefore encoded 31,43,15,33,32,24,34

The particularity of the Nihilist cipher in relation to the Polybiushref cipher is its over-encryption. The nihilists use a key that is added for each couple of digits previously created.

To keep only 2 digits, subtract 100 from the amounts that would be greater than 100.

The key VODKA, which is coded 52,35,14,31,11, is added (value after value) to the encrypted text.

Plain MessageKREMLIN
Coded (Message) Letters31431533322434
Key (repeated)VODKAVO
Coded (Key) Letters52351431115235
Final Message (Addition)83782964437669

The final encrypted message is 83782964437669

How to decrypt a Nihilist ciphertext?

Decryption requires to know the grid and the over-encryption key.

Consider the encrypted message 577066392880, the key CODE and the grid

\12345
1ABCDE
2FGHIJ
3KLMNO
4PQRST
5UVXYZ

To decrypt, the coded key is subtracted from each pair of 2 digits and each number obtained is replaced by the corresponding letter with these coordinates in the grid.

The key CODE is coded with the grid 13,35,14,15, it is then subtracted from the message:

Coded Message577066392880
Coded Key (repeated)133514151335
Subtraction443552241545
Letter in the GridSOVIET

The plain message is SOVIET.

How to recognize a Nihilist ciphertext?

The message is composed of an even number of digits.

In the general case of using a 5x5 grid with coordinates from 1 to 5, the message is composed of numbers between 0 and 100 except for values between 11 and 21 inclusive, which never appear in this case during the encryption process.

How to decipher a nihilist text without key?

dCode analyzes the pairs of digits of the message to extract the potential additions that formed them. It is then possible to find all the possible combinationshref and to deduce the potential keys with the grid.

How to decipher a nihilist text without grid?

Assuming that the over-encryption key is known, it is possible to decode normally with a basic / random grid. The result will then be a mono-alphabetic substitutionhref of the original message. Use dCode's monoalphabetic substitutionhref tool to decrypt the message almost automatically.

What are the variants of the nihilist cipher?

It is possible to make several variants:

Inversion of coordinates: rather than using [row, column], it is possible to use [column,row].

Change of coordinates names: the digits from 1 to 5 can very well be mixed or replaced by other digits.

Multiple keys, it is possible to use several keys, summed successively, but this only extends the process time and does not complicate a brute-force attack.

When the Nihilists cipher have been invented ?

The Russian nihilist movement is described in the history textbooks as between 1855 and 1885.

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Source code

dCode retains ownership of the source code of the script Nihilist Cipher. Except explicit open source licence (indicated Creative Commons / free), any algorithm, applet, snippet, software (converter, solver, encryption / decryption, encoding / decoding, ciphering / deciphering, translator), or any function (convert, solve, decrypt, encrypt, decipher, cipher, decode, code, translate) written in any informatic langauge (PHP, Java, C#, Python, Javascript, etc.) which dCode owns rights can be transferred after sales quote. So if you need to download the Nihilist Cipher script for offline use, for you, your company or association, see you on contact page !

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