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Caesar Box Cipher

Tool to decrypt/encrypt with Caesar square. Caesar Box is a simple transposition cipher used in the Roman Empire, in which letters of the message are written in lines in a square (or a rectangle) and then, read by column.

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Caesar Box Cipher -

Tag(s) : Cryptography, Transposition Cipher

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# Caesar Box Cipher

## Caesar Box Encoder

Tool to decrypt/encrypt with Caesar square. Caesar Box is a simple transposition cipher used in the Roman Empire, in which letters of the message are written in lines in a square (or a rectangle) and then, read by column.

### How to encrypt using Caesar Box cipher?

Caesar Box Encryption uses a box, a rectangle (or a square), or at least a size W caracterizing its width (that corresponds to the number of column of text)

Example: Consider W=3 and the message to encrypt DCODE.

The message is written by lines and every W characters, go to a new line. This will delimitate a box of characters.

If needed, the last line can be completed with another character, e.g. X or _.

Example: DCO
DE_

The encrypted message is obtained by reading the box by column.

Example: The cipher text is DDCEO_

### How to decrypt Caesar Box cipher?

Caesar Box decryption requires to know the dimensions of the box (width W by height H)

Example: Consider W=3, and the ciphertext is CSAAER which is 6-character long, then H=2 (as 6/3=2).

Write the text in column in the box. The plain text appears by reading each line.

Example: CAE
SAR

Example: The original plain text is CAESAR.

### How to recognize Caesar Box ciphertext?

The Caesar box is a transposition cipher, so the coincidence index is the same as that of the plain text.

If the length of the message is a perfect square, it is a good sign.

### How to decipher Caesar Box without the size?

One can crack Caesar Box by testing all possible size of the rectangle.

Sometimes the message has a square number of characters (16 = 4.4 or 25 = 5 * 5 or 36 = 6 * 6, etc.), which makes it possible to deduce the size of the square, but sometimes it is a totally different number of characters.

### What are the variants of the Caesar Box cipher?

When the box is a perfect square, encryption and decryption are identical.

Variants are numerous and used in many movies or books, the most known are the scytale, the cipher used in Journey to the center of the Earth, etc.

### When Caesar Box have been invented?

It is estimated that this encryption is similar to that of the scytale cipher, which have appeared between the 10th and 7th centuries B.C., a long time before Caesar.